Moraine Township, Lake County, Illinois

Moraine Township Homes For Sale History of Townships in The United States Lake County Homes For Sale Your Home Value

Moraine Township, located in Lake County, Illinois, United States, had a population of 34,129 according to the 2010 census. Originally named Deerfield Township, it underwent a name change on October 29, 1998.

Encompassing an area of 11.9 square miles, Moraine Township includes 0.03 square miles of water. It borders Deerfield to the east, Highland Park to the northeast, Highwood, and Lake Forest to the southeast. Adjacent townships include New Trier Township and Northfield Township in Cook County to the southeast, West Deerfield Township to the west, and Shields Township to the northwest.

History of Townships in the United States

In the United States, townships represent the oldest form of government still in operation today. Dating back to 1636, American settlers introduced this system as a way to escape the autocratic governance prevalent in Europe. This grassroots democratic process was carried out through town meetings, where residents gathered to discuss important matters and establish local laws.

In Illinois, township government was established in 1849 following the adoption of the Illinois Constitution of 1848. This constitution allowed voters in each county to choose between establishing township governments or adopting a county commission form of government without townships. Presently, 85 out of the 102 counties in Illinois operate under the township form of government, with a total of 1,433 townships serving over eight million residents.

Townships are distinct geographic areas separate from cities and counties. While a large city may contain multiple townships, a single township may encompass several smaller towns. Township government functions at the local level and is intended to address the basic needs of the community. It is designed to operate closely with the residents it serves, particularly in rural areas where townships often serve as the primary source of social services and road maintenance.

Illinois townships are mandated by law to fulfill three primary functions:

  • General Assistance: Providing food, shelter, or emergency relief to individuals in need until they are able to support themselves or qualify for other forms of assistance.
  • Property Assessment: Township Assessors determine property values for all properties within the township.
  • Road and Bridge Maintenance: Townships collectively maintain approximately 71,000 miles of roads in Illinois, representing over half of the state's total road miles.

Search Homes For Sale in Moraine Township

Moraine Township Homes For Sale June 24, 2024
128
Listed
51
Avg. DOM
$351.89
Avg. $ / Sq.Ft.
$874,500
Med. List Price
128 Properties
Page 1 of 11

Search All Lake County Homes For Sale

Lake County Homes For Sale June 24, 2024
934
Listed
68
Avg. DOM
$263.50
Avg. $ / Sq.Ft.
$527,000
Med. List Price
934 Properties
Page 1 of 78