Aurora Township is situated within Kane County, Illinois, divided by the Fox River. Its population was recorded as 146,149 with 49,127 housing units during the 2010 census.

Geographically, the township spans 35.31 square miles, of which 34.68 square miles (or 98.22%) is land and 0.63 square miles (or 1.78%) is water.

The township primarily encompasses the city of Aurora, with significant portions of North Aurora and Montgomery. Additionally, there are unincorporated towns like Scraper-Moecherville and South Park.

In terms of demographics, the estimated population in 2016 was 148,890.

Aurora Township falls under the jurisdiction of various school districts, including East Aurora Public School District 131, West Aurora Public School District 129, and Batavia Unit School District 101.