Addison Township, DuPage County, Illinois

Addison Township Homes For Sale History of Townships in The United States DuPage County Homes For Sale Your Home Value

Addison Township, situated in DuPage County, Illinois, USA, is one of nine townships in the county. As per the 2020 census, its population was 88,351, with 32,306 housing units. Established on November 6, 1849, the township covers a total area of 32.06 square miles, of which 31.43 square miles (98.02%) is land and 0.63 square miles (1.98%) is water.

Geographically, Addison Township has undergone significant transformations, including a comprehensive renovation of its west end connected to Lake St., leading to the opening of numerous new stores and services.

The township includes parts of various municipalities, including Addison (partial), Bensenville (majority), Elk Grove Village (partial), Elmhurst (north quarter), Itasca (east three-quarters), Lombard (north edge), Villa Park (partial), and Wood Dale. Notably, a portion of O'Hare International Airport's southwest edge, depicted in beige on the map, constitutes a separate entity and is not part of Addison Township.

Adjacent townships include Elk Grove Township and Schaumburg Township in Cook County to the north, Bloomingdale Township to the west, Milton Township to the southwest, York Township to the south, Proviso Township to the southeast, Leyden Township to the east, and Maine Township to the northeast.

Additionally, Addison Township features landmarks such as Cricket Creek Forest Preserve, Fullerton Park Forest Preserve, Maple Meadows Forest Preserve, Oak Meadows Golf Course Forest Preserve, Songbird Slough Forest Preserve, and Wood Dale Grove Forest Preserve.


History of Townships in the United States

In the United States, townships represent the oldest form of government still in operation today. Dating back to 1636, American settlers introduced this system as a way to escape the autocratic governance prevalent in Europe. This grassroots democratic process was carried out through town meetings, where residents gathered to discuss important matters and establish local laws.

In Illinois, township government was established in 1849 following the adoption of the Illinois Constitution of 1848. This constitution allowed voters in each county to choose between establishing township governments or adopting a county commission form of government without townships. Presently, 85 out of the 102 counties in Illinois operate under the township form of government, with a total of 1,433 townships serving over eight million residents.

Townships are distinct geographic areas separate from cities and counties. While a large city may contain multiple townships, a single township may encompass several smaller towns. Township government functions at the local level and is intended to address the basic needs of the community. It is designed to operate closely with the residents it serves, particularly in rural areas where townships often serve as the primary source of social services and road maintenance.

Illinois townships are mandated by law to fulfill three primary functions:

  • General Assistance: Providing food, shelter, or emergency relief to individuals in need until they are able to support themselves or qualify for other forms of assistance.
  • Property Assessment: Township Assessors determine property values for all properties within the township.
  • Road and Bridge Maintenance: Townships collectively maintain approximately 71,000 miles of roads in Illinois, representing over half of the state's total road miles.

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